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Five Cent Cine: Belfast

“For those who left”

Set in 1969, at the beginning of the “The Troubles” in Northern Ireland’s largest city, Belfast, Kenneth Branagh’s memoir is a child’s eye view—not of the Protestant/Catholic conflict, but of the importance of family and community. The child is wide-eyed, blonde “Buddy,” a naïve 9-year-old, convincingly portrayed by Jude Hill.

Branagh, who wrote and directed, opens the action with idyllic child’s play in the street that is suddenly disrupted by a violent and destructive anti-Catholic mob, then moves quickly inside to family drama. Even the exterior scenes have a claustrophobic quality, having been shot mainly on one street of “Belfast 15,” a mostly Protestant block of council housing (i.e., “public housing”), underscoring the close-knit community that Buddy and his extended family inhabit.

Even the exterior scenes have a claustrophobic quality.

Other scenes take place in a cramped back-yard space, so small that a conversation can include someone inside the dwelling and someone on the toilet seat in the outhouse. Although the family expresses the belief that the violence will be over soon, “The Troubles,” which pitted pro-England unionists and loyalists (mostly Protestants) against pro-Ireland nationalists and republicans (mostly Catholics), would last for 30 years.

Buddy (Jude Hill) and Pa (Jamie Dornan) consider life’s complexities in the small space between the house and the outdoor toilet.​​​

In Branagh’s child’s perspective, the controversy is only about religion, sometimes explained in the simplest possible way; Catholics “kick with the left foot” and are distinguishable from Protestants by their given names. Turlough Convery is particularly effective as the fire and brimstone Protestant minister, a towering, menacing figure for the boy. And while “The Troubles” will be the reason the family eventually leaves Belfast, it is not the principal conflict that roils Buddy’s family.

“Belfast” has more in common with “The Tender Bar” (2021’s George Clooney-directed memoir starring Ben Affleck) and 1988’s “Cinema Paradiso” than it does with Northern Ireland’s politics. It suffers from some of the same weaknesses as “The Tender Bar” in its glorification of the wise elder and romanticizing of childhood. Judi Dench as Granny and Ciarán Hinds as Pop (grandfather) are secondary characters, delightful to watch but essentially caricatures, dispensing wisdom at every turn, standing apart from the political and economic realities that are reshaping the lives of other family members.

Portraying reality is not Branagh’s goal. He uses cinema as the touchstone to perceptions and emotions. Clips and music and dialogue from “High Noon” (1952) are interlaced with Buddy’s father’s taking on Billy (Colin Morgan), a Protestant thug-cum-protest leader. The family sees “Chitty Chitty Bang Bang” (1969) in the theater, and when the car goes over a cliff and begins to fly, saving Mom, Dad and the kids, the parallel to saving this family is obvious.

Portraying reality is not Branagh’s goal.

The block of council housing even resembles a stage set, the streets pristinely clean (similarly to TV’s “My Brilliant Friend” with its never-before-seen neat and tidy Naples), and ready for choreographed action, often shown in musical-like aerial views. There are, in fact, several song-and-dance scenes. As in “Cinema Paradiso,” film becomes part of memory, even, for Buddy, part of reality. Branagh’s sophisticated use of postwar films is at once a weakness and a strength of “Belfast.” It demonstrates the origins of Branagh’s love of acting and directing and makes his film stand out in relation to the similar—though rather insipid—“The Tender Bar.”

Ma Caitríona Balfe) and Pa (Jamie Dornan) enjoying one of their happier moments, singing and dancing.

The heart of “Belfast” is the family, not “The Troubles” or, for that matter, Belfast. Buddy’s parents Ma and Pa (Caitríona Balfe and Jamie Dornan—Balfe is an especially good in her role, though both are too handsome and well made-up at all times for real parents) have a relationship at once sexual and loving and at the same time contentious and difficult. Debt, gambling, a job away from home caused by high unemployment in Northern Ireland, a late-in-life pregnancy—these contribute to the strife within the family much more than does the political and religious turmoil that surrounds them.

“Belfast” has its pleasures: it’s well-edited, nicely acted, sweetly nostalgic. Shot mostly in black-and-white, it effectively saves color for the movies within the movie, and for an opening scene of the contemporary city that lets us know things will get better. But it does not rise enough above the young boy’s memory—or at least the adult’s memory of himself as that child—to deal adequately and subtly with conflict. When Buddy shouts “I don’t want to go to England,” he speaks from the heart, but he’s only 9, and hardly well-informed. One hopes for more grittiness, fewer life lessons from the elderly, less clever use of film clips. Perhaps that’s the child’s eye view: not too much dirt, good times with the grandparents, and escape into movies.  

Availability: Currently in some theaters and for home rental or streaming on multiple sites, including Apple TV, Amazon and Google Play; see JustWatch here.

Date: 2021

Stars: 3 (out of 4)

Director: Kenneth Branagh

Starring: Jude Hill, Caitríona Balfe, Jamie Dornan, Judi Dench, Ciarán Hinds, Turlough Convery, Colin Morgan, Lewis McAskie

Country: United Kingdom

Runtime: 98 minutes

Other Awards: 26 wins, including The Toronto International Film Festival’s People’s Choice Award, and 135 nominations to date.

Lead image: Branagh uses cinema as the touchstone to perceptions and emotions. The family in the theater, from left, Ma (Caitríona Balfe), Pa (Jamie Dornan), Granny (Judi Dench), Buddy (Jude Hill) and brother Will (Lewis McAskie).

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Written by 2 Film Critics

2 Film Critics

William Graebner is Emeritus Professor of History, State University of New York, Fredonia, where he taught courses on film and American culture. He is the author or co-author of 11 books and more than 50 scholarly articles, including essays on “The Treasure of the Sierra Madre,” “McCabe and Mrs. Miller,” “The Poseidon Adventure,” and zombie films as they relate to the Holocaust. Dianne Bennett, the first woman to head a large U.S. law firm, is a retired U.S. tax lawyer.

Dianne and Bill were early and passionate attendees at the Toronto Film Festival, and today enjoy the film scenes of Los Angeles, Rome, London, and Buffalo, New York. They began reviewing films for the Rome-based website “TheAmerican/inItalia” in 2016, have maintained a blog on Rome for a decade, and published two alternative guidebooks to the Eternal City. They still can’t resist going to the movies, not to mention the ensuing discussions, sometimes heated, over a bottle of Arneis at the nearest wine bar.

​And that's just the beginning of our reviewing process. For one or two hours we discuss the film, as one of us takes notes. The notetaker transcribes the notes and prints two copies. Dianne or Bill (usually depending on who had the most compelling understanding of the film, or who was most taken with it) writes the first draft of the review--supposedly taking into account the views of the other--which is followed by 3, 4, or even 7 more drafts. At some point, sometimes days later, when we're both comfortable with the result (or accepting of it, anyway), it's done.

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